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清徐旱船

发布者: admin | 发布时间: 2015-11-1 23:17| 查看数: 24724| 评论数: 1|帖子模式

“旱船”是清徐地面活动较为普遍的大众化民间文艺形式。因为它的表演技艺简单,道具制作经济,是一项群体表演形式的节目。据传说旱船是根据水乡渔民在水上用船打鱼的生活 情节,构思创意出来的。它的表演和道具人物都简洁、 明快、朴实,生活气息浓厚,是群众特别喜欢的一种民间文艺。

旱船是由若干个旱船组织成一支表演队伍,前面有一个老翁拿桨(划船的工具)划行领航,前行后退地表演。旱船队的表演者是碎步随领航人前进。领航人拿着浆,亮着划船姿态,弓步前行,他在左行右行和转弯时 还要作些亮相动作表演。船队的表演路线全靠他指挥来行进。

制作旱船是用细竹竿绑成船型的架子,旱船的大小不等,随人意而定。船形骨架的中间用竹竿绑个“井"字架,“井口”既是船舱的部位,也是表演者的部位,顺着船舱的四角竖4根竹竿,为船舱的4个柱子,然后在上面绑制船舱的顶部。船舱的顶有平顶的,三角形顶的,较复杂的歇山顶式的瓦棱4出水的古建筑造型。船的 骨架绑好后,用彩绸布围好各个部位。船顶用红和黄的彩绸布裹好,船板用土黄色布绷面,船帮周围用绿色彩绸布围起,船舱内用一根红布条拴在仓的两边沿,演出 时’表演者将红布条架在肩膀上,撑起旱船,两手握住 船仓的两边,表演时摆动旱船行进。

坐船姑娘(即表演者)的服饰是古典民间服饰,头 部将发盘起大抢头插花即可,划船老翁是头戴毡帽或草帽圈,身穿老生古装,脸部淡彩挂白色长髯口(戏剧里用的胡子)。

旱船的表演步伐简单,但表演的形式不少,一般采 用: “水溜溜”、“绕八字”、“蛇脱皮”、“跑圆场”、 “二龙出水”、“双进门”等10余种。它的音乐伴奏,随 大队的表演队伍,一般是锣鼓乐队伴奏。


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